Archive for the 'Gandhi in South Africa' Category

08
Aug
08

Labouring under the Law: Gender and the Legal Administration of Indian Immigrants under Indenture in Colonial Natal, 1860-1907

Labouring under the Law: Gender and the Legal Administration of Indian Immigrants under Indenture in Colonial Natal, 1860-1907

By

Nafisa Essop Sheik

This study is a gendered historical analysis of the legal administration of Indian Immigrants in British Colonial Natal in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. By focusing primarily on the attempts of the Natal Government to intervene in the personal law of especially indentured and ex-indentured Indians, this thesis presents an analysis of the role that gender played in the conceptualization and promulgation of the indentured labour scheme in Natal, and in the subsequent regulation of the lives of Indian immigrants in the Colony. It traces the developments in the administration of Indian women, especially, from the beginning of the indenture system in colonial Natal until the passage of the Indian Marriages Bill of 1907 and attempts to contextualize arguments around these themes within broader colonial discourses and debates, as well as to examine the particularity of such administrative attempts in the Natal context. This study observes the changing nature of ‘custom’ amongst Indian immigrants and the often simultaneous and contradictory attempts of the Natal colonial administration to at first support, and later, to intervene in what constituted the realm of the customary. Through an analysis of legal administration at different levels of government, this analysis considers the interactions of gender and utilitarian legal discourse under colonialism and, in particular, the complex role of Indian personal law and the ordinary civil laws of the Colony of Natal in both restricting and facilitating the mobility of Indian women brought to Natal under the auspices of the indentured labour system.

09
Jul
08

Reading an Archive Focussed on its Archivist – the case of Mohandas Gandhi

Reading an Archive Focussed on its Archivist – the case of Mohandas Gandhi

By

Vashna Jagarnath

09
Jul
08

The South African Gandhi: A critical historiographical review

The South African Gandhi: A critical historiographical review

By

Vashna Jagarnath

“Gandhi’s sojourn in South Africa…lasted for some 21 years, with, some brief interludes in India. It constituted one of the most glorious episodes in human history, as ordinary men and women, with rudimentary learning, and scant material resources became morally energised to confront evil under Gandhi’s quite unprecedented leadership”2
In her seminal work published

03
Jul
08

Was Gandhi’s South African Struggle inspired by Race, Class or Nation

Was Gandhi’s South African Struggle inspired by Race, Class or Nation

by Jay Naidoo

Gandhi came to South Africa in 1893 and left in 1914. He led, during
most of the twenty-one year span, strugles against the Natal Government,
the Transvaal Government and the Union Government. What
irpas [be guiding principle, the driving force behind this fight? Was it a
civil rights struggle, a case of championing the cause of the Indians,
Colc~uredsa nd Africans against the racist politics of an all-white administration?
Was it a class strugegle in the interests of the Indian trading
class or, alternatively, of the Indian labouring class? Or was it a
nntionalist struggle in the cause of India and the Indian nation?

03
Jul
08

1913 Natal Indian Strike

Maureen Swan: 1913 Natal India Strike